A declamation speech is the term used to describe the re-giving of an important or famous speech. It could be a political, graduation or commencement speech, a eulogy, or a sermon. The speaker re-interprets the original, reproducing its power afresh.
Often this exercise will be set as part of studying public speaking skills. The purpose is to have the student directly experience the power of masterfully crafted language. Through their interpretation the techniques and skills of the original orator are learned.
In Toastmasters, this is covered in the advanced Interpretive Reading manual: project 5 - The Oratorical Speech.
This method of teaching was used in ancient Greece where public speaking was considered a necessary art for anybody embarking on a career in public service. A declamation was a practice piece set by a teacher for exactly the same reason they are set now: to have a student learn the skills of combining eloquent language with equally eloquent delivery.
What you choose is critical. Firstly, you must like it. There's no good to be gained from choosing something because you think it will please or impress your teacher and likewise, judges. You're going to work on this piece to make it your own. Therefore it needs to genuinely reflect you in theme and message.
And secondly it needs a combination of the qualities listed in the following areas:-
If you're choosing for a competition before you make your choice be sure to review the guidelines and do take note of the allocated time. Be prepared to cut your selection to fit.
Looking for just the right extract takes time. The links below are a good starting point. Other avenues worth exploring are archives of previous declamation competition winners, asking for help from your teachers, or librarians, experimenting with search words: eulogies, motivational or persuasive speeches, civil rights speeches ... Keep going until you find something you know you'll feel wholehearted about.
- Understanding is your top priority
If you learn or memorize the text without it your delivery will be empty - an ultimate talking head presentation.
- Find out about context
What was the occasion the speech was written for?
Who was the audience? What did they need or expect from the speech?
- Find out about the original speech maker
Who was he or she? What delivery characteristics did they use?
What passions drove them?
What did they want from the speech? (Its purpose or goal.)
- What does this speech mean to you?
Can you put what is being said into your own words? The more you dig into the meaning of the piece, emotionally and intellectually, the more able you'll be to convey it convincingly.
- Print the speech out in a clear font, double spaced.
You will use the gaps to write yourself notes and mark it up for delivery. For example, putting in the pauses, or breath points, the places to soften your voice, increase the volume or for movement.
- If you can, listen to original speech while reading your copy.
Note how the voice is being used. What qualities are you hearing? Do they change for different portions of the speech? Can you hear a beat or rhythm? Listen until you can clearly identify changes in tone, pitch, and pace.
And now practice.
The goal is not to impersonate the original speech maker. You don't have to 'become' for example, Winston Churchill, but you do have to find and sincerely draw out the qualities of the speech making it memorable.