By: Susan Dugdale | Last modified: 08-07-2020 | First published: 07-01-2009
A declamation speech is the term used to describe the re-giving of an important or famous speech.
It could be a political, graduation or commencement speech, a eulogy, a sermon: any type of speech at all as long as it's one that had significant impact on those who heard it.
The speaker's task is to re-interpret the original, reproducing its power afresh.
Often this exercise will be set as part of studying public speaking skills. The purpose is to have the student directly experience the power of masterfully crafted language. Through their interpretation the techniques and skills of the original orator are learned.
In Toastmasters, the skills learned in giving a declamation speech are covered in the advanced Interpretive Reading manual: project 5 - The Oratorical Speech.
This method of teaching was used in ancient Greece where public speaking was considered a necessary art for anybody embarking on a career in public service.
A declamation was a practice piece set by a teacher for exactly the same reason they are set now: to have a student learn the skills of combining eloquent language with equally eloquent delivery in order to argue or persuade.
The great 4th century Greek orator Demosthenes is said to have honed his craft through studying the speeches of the great orators who preceded him.
The speech you choose is critical.
Firstly, you must like it. There's no good to be gained from choosing something because you think it will please or impress your teacher and likewise, judges. You're going to work on this piece to make it your own. Therefore it needs to genuinely reflect you in theme and message.
And secondly it needs a combination of the qualities listed in the following areas:-
If you're choosing for a competition before you make your choice be sure to review the guidelines and do take note of the allocated time. Be prepared to cut your selection to fit.
Looking for just the right extract takes time. The links below are a good starting point.
Other avenues worth exploring are archives of previous declamation competition winners, asking for help from your teachers, or librarians, experimenting with search words: eulogies, motivational or persuasive speeches, civil rights speeches ...
Keep going until you find something you know you'll feel wholehearted about.
- Make getting to know your piece your top priority
If you learn or memorize the text of the speech without understanding it your delivery will be empty - an ultimate talking head presentation.
What was the occasion the speech was written for? What period of time was it? What was happening in society generally?
Who was the audience? Why had they come along to hear the speaker?
What did they need or expect from the speech?
Who was he or, she?
What passions drove them? Did they write the speech themselves?
What did they want from the speech? (Was there a specific purpose or goal?)
What delivery characteristics did they use? Any particular habits?
Can you put what is being said into your own words? The more you dig into the meaning of the piece, emotionally and intellectually, the more able you'll be to convey it convincingly.
You will use the gaps to write yourself notes and mark it up for delivery. For example, putting in the pauses, or breath points, the places to soften your voice, increase the volume or, for movement.
Make several copies. You are going to need them. ☺
If you can, listen to original speech while reading your copy.
Note how the speaker is using their voice. What qualities are you hearing? Do they change for different portions of the speech? Why? Can you hear a beat or rhythm? What effect does that have?
Listen until you can clearly identify changes in tone, pitch, and pace, and know why it's being done.
The goal is not to impersonate, or mimic, the original speech maker.
If you are working with one of Winston Churchill's war time speeches* you don't have to 'become' him, in the same way an actor would if he was playing him in a play or a film
However you do have to find and sincerely draw out the qualities of the speech making it memorable. That, is your goal.
*To see the full text of the speech the quote is drawn from, and much, much more about Winston Churchill, visit: The Few, 1940.
Along with choosing an appropriate piece, and understanding it, thorough and regular practice is what will distinguish what you do from everyone else.
If you're serious about performing well, check these links.
Begin with these full guidelines on how to rehearse. You'll find an easily followed step by step process, with detours into other areas should you need them: