How to use props (visual aids) in speeches

-10 tips for speakers who want to lift their game

Learning how to use props* or visual aids effectively and appropriately is one of the best gifts you can give yourself as a speaker. They add the 'zing' factor for your audience, making your speech memorable.  Consider the benefits, pros and cons and get the tips.

Try thinking of about the use of props this way

Which of these alternatives is more effective from the audience's point of view?

If you were sitting where they are, would you like to hear about a working holiday in Russia?

Or would you rather hear about the visit and see a few carefully chosen photographs and some Russian souvenirs?

The 'hear and see' option wins hands down.

Susan Dugdale - Red Square, Moscow

                  Me (Susan) in Moscow's Red Square

Here's one more example.

Imagine explaining something like the current weather patterns, or the fluctuation of the US dollar over the past year without using visual aids; diagrams or graphs. It's tough. It's not impossible but it is definitely a challenge.

When you learn how to use props as part of your speech, you are giving your audience so much more. They add value.

The benefits of learning how to use props are:

  • Clarity

    You reduce the number of words you have to use to explain a concept or event.

    Remember that old saying, 'a picture is worth a thousand words'?

    Now think of the work a well drawn graph or diagram does. Or what an aptly chosen photograph does to show an event. The Hurricane Katrina pictures are an effective example. The devastation and misery wrought by the winds and flooding didn't need words. We saw and in seeing, felt it.

  • Credibility

    You become more believable through your audience seeing something to reinforce your words.

    Another old saying says it for us like this: 'seeing is believing'. When we add 'showing' to 'telling' effectively our credibility rating soars.

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Does that mean every speech needs props to make it more effective?

The short answer is, no.

The longer answer is to consider carefully the nature of the speech you're preparing and its content.

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Ask yourself: What could I show (or demonstrate) that would add value for my audience?

Obviously, your answers will vary hugely.

Do add any time or financial constraints into your decision making process. It takes time to prepare effective props. It may take money as well.

Weigh up the pros and cons before going ahead. If you don't have time, simplify your plans. It is better to have a few simple well presented props than a grand incomplete scheme. You may even decide that this time, props are not for you and modify your topic accordingly.

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What can I use as a prop or a visual aid?

Absolutely anything at all!

However there are pros and cons. Before you get too excited consider:

- Whether or not your intended prop fits your topic. Something brought along merely because its interesting or a novelty needs to be left at home. Props should not divert from the purpose or scope of your speech. If they do, they are irrelevant and could undermine your credibility as a speaker.

- The suitability of the prop for your audience. Think carefully before showing shocking photographs or any material that may offend even if it fits within the theme of your speech.

- The monetary value of the prop. Some things are too valuable to shift around without making the necessary arrangements with your insurance company. If you are willing to do that, good. If not, perhaps photographs or a video tape will suffice.

- The emotional value of the prop. Are you willing to take responsibility for having very special items on show?

- The suitability of your prop to the venue you are using.
For example: If it's a huge hall, will your collection of miniatures actually be seen when you hold them up?

Think about the setting before committing yourself to a particular prop and shaping your speech around its use. In this example above close-up photos might be better than the real things.

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And now having considered all the angles let's get down to ...

How to Use Props - 10 tips for speakers

  1. How to Use Props Tip 1 - Integrate

    The best way is to integrate them into the flow of your speech. It is more effective to show and tell as you go, rather than wait to the end of your speech and then show. By then your audience may have forgotten why it is they are looking at your graph, photograph or grandmother clock!
  2. How to Use Props Tip 2 - Describe

    Use clear descriptions of each item you use. Give enough information to satisfy interest without going on too long. You do not want to stop the flow of your speech by dwelling on one aspect.
  3. How to Use Props Tip 3 - Less is More

    Less IS more. Choose the BEST examples of whatever you've got to show. Don't clutter or overwhelm with too many to take in.
  4. How to Use Props Tip 4 - Check

    Test before committing yourself to their use. Be sure the prop works in the venue. For example: If it's big, can it fit through the door, or on the stage?
    Or if it's small, can it be seen clearly by everybody?
  5. How to Use Props Tip 5 - Test

    If you're using any electronic equipment to show photographs, graphs etc, test and rehearse with it beforehand. Leave yourself enough time to familiarize yourself with how to operate it properly or to fix any problems you may find.
  6. How to Use Props Tip 6 - Rehearse

    If you're reliant on someone else to operate equipment, be sure to rehearse fully with them. Give clear instructions about precisely what you want done, when. Have all your material in the right order ready for them.

    Prepare a cue sheet for them to follow.


    Cue 1 = '...reading rates across 11 - 13 year olds has fallen in the last decade. Research shows...' Graph 1 on screen.

    Cue 2 = '...however reading recovery schemes have been implemented in some states with some success...' Graph 2 on screen.

    When the operator hears the cue, they will bring up the right image.

  7. How to Use Props Tip 7 - Order

    If you have a range of props or visual aids to use throughout your speech, put them in order. Label them if necessary. Arrange them so they are easily picked up, put down and not in either your, or your audience's, way.
  8. How to use Props Tip 8 - Effectiveness

    If you are demonstrating as well as showing, test and retest to make sure what you are doing is effective.

    What's the difference?
    Demonstrating is active. You are doing something. Showing is passive. You are holding something up to be looked at.

    'Here's a remarkably easy drawing technique. I start here...' And the speaker does it on a drawing board in such a way to be visible to the audience.

    'Here's the result of a drawing exercise...' And the speaker holds up his drawing pad to display the completed exercise.

    The first is active and the second is passive.

    NB. When you demonstrate, the key is simplicity. Keep everything you do to a minimum. Think of how a live cooking demonstration is shown on television. Every aspect is prepared beforehand. The movements of the cook are clear and they've rehearsed their speech to fit precisely what they're doing so the audience can follow easily.

  9. How to Use Props Tip 9 - Using Animals

    Thinking of using a live animal or pet? Think very carefully.

    How will they respond to the stress of being moved?
    How will they react to an unfamiliar place with lots of people?
    Do you need a minder to look after them while you're talking?
    If you do decide to go ahead, think every aspect out ahead and plan accordingly. Be real in your evaluation.

  10. How to Use Props Tip 10 - Using Assistants

    Sometimes props need other people to demonstrate them. If that's the case for you, those people need to be part of your rehearsal process.

    They need to know what you're going to say, how you want them to react, where you want them to be on the stage (or where ever you're presenting), when you want them to come on and when to leave.

    And if you're going to have children taking part, make doubly sure they know what they're doing! Kids on stage with you can be great fun but the reverse is true too. It's up to you to make them feel at ease and confident about what you've asked them to do. Make it safe for them as well as yourself.

In summary, learning how to use props well will enhance how the audience receives your speech.

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'Zing' filled presentations

On a personal note I coached senior high school students( 17-18 years) through major end of project speeches for several years.

At the school I was teaching in each student chose a topic or theme to explore in depth over the course of their final year. They were expected to examine their subject theoretically, practically and artistically. The process had a written component- a report documenting their study findings, a practical component (what they did to bring the knowledge into reality), a display (which showed off their practical work as well as their artistic), and a final speech which they gave to the school community. These were a high point of school year. Everybody came until our hall could fit no more.

I remember clearly those students who added 'zing'. I saw video clips of cars that had been built and driven. And likewise microlights, extraordinary bicycles,and revolutionary skateboards. I saw mime performances integrated into a speech. I remember clothes being modeled, live science experiments, anthologies of short stories written and excerpts read aloud, pianos played and songs sung. There was even a demonstration of breaking in a horse. Those speeches covered the spectrum in terms of subjects. What made them live aside from their passion filled delivery was the care that had been put into choosing and working with props.

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* Props is a shortened form of the word 'properties'. Props are anything used to enhance a presentation. The term originally came from live theater and covered any object (property) used by an actor on stage as part of their performance.