They're simple, easy to put into practice and will help you deliver your speech more effectively.
Make them part of your regular preparation routine and you'll be delighted with the increased poise, confidence, and control you develop.
The first of these public speaking exercises focuses on breath because in order to speak well, we need to breathe well and that means fully using the lungs.
Being anxious or nervous is often expressed through shallow breathing and that in turn affects the voice. It pushes the tone up, reducing its range and effectiveness.
Click the link to find more public speaking breathing exercises
Humming, ha-ing and yawning are all good to relax and tune your vocal equipment.
Hum a single note, simple tune or a scale gently making sure your lips and cheeks are relaxed. You'll feel the vibrations resonating through your face and throat.
To 'ha' take in a full breath and on its release say 'haaaaaaa' gently until you run out of air. Make sure your mouth is open and relaxed. Repeat several times.
Yawning releases tension in the jaw and if you're at all anxious, this is a place you'll feel it. Let the tension go by opening your mouth and yawning widely without strain. Add sound. 'Ahhh' - until all the air is gone. Repeat until your throat and jaw are relaxed.
Many of us get anxious about what we look like to the audience when we're giving a speech. Others of us are not aware of habitual gestures we make.
Solve the problem by looking. Video yourself. You'll see what you do and become aware of what you want to change.
*A while ago the advice was to practice in front of a full length mirror. A video camera is the modern version.
What's the quality of your voice?
A recording will let you know. You'll hear those rising inflections, ums and ahs, and whether or not you're mumbling or racing your words.
Recording yourself allows you to hear yourself as others do and that's invaluable information. If you have a recorder, use it and if you have a video camera, better still. You can combine voice and seeing yourself.
For more about the impact of your voice on other people see voice image.
This exercise focuses on the question: Who are you speaking to?
In an everyday conversation we make eye contact with the person we're speaking to. It makes the conversation more meaningful. As the speaker, you feel you're being heard or listened to. As the listener, you feel you're being spoken to directly.
Making eye contact with members of your audience has the effect of making them feel as though you are talking to them personally. It's an acknowledgement, creating a bond for the duration of your speech and beyond.
It works best when you spread your eye contact through the audience which means you'll meet the eyes briefly of a person in the front, then another on your right, someone on your left and then someone in the middle or back of the audience. The contact is sufficient for them to feel spoken to directly and because you've directed your gaze left, right, and center that perception will be shared by the audience as a whole.
Practice meeting the eyes of one person, then another, and another, the next time you make a speech. You'll be amazed how much more connected to the audience you'll feel.
If you're saying "I'm really happy to be here today" but sounding like "I'm totally bored and can't wait to get off the stage" your speech is going to create conflict for the audience because your words are saying one thing but your tone or expression is saying another.
To practice conveying the meaning you intend in your words try experimenting by saying your opening sentences as if you were:
happy, bored, sad, angry, bitter, teasing, cynical...
The idea is to really listen to how you say the words, or how you fill them with meaning.
A happy person saying the same sentence as an unhappy one sounds different. The stresses or inflections on the words are different. They are spoken at a different rate and even at a different pitch.
By playing with the way you deliver your words you'll develop more flexibility and with more flexibility you'll be more able to find the most appropriate way to express your words and have them interpreted in the way you intended.
Click the link to find more public speaking exercises for vocal variety.
How fast do you speak?
A common response to feeling anxious about making a speech is to get faster and faster until the words are flying out of your mouth and are a blur in the ears of your listeners.
The best public speaking exercise to cure 'fast through fear' is practice and a good way to do that is to consciously hear what you're saying by recording your speech.
Try saying at least a minute of it at varying speeds from very slow to very fast. Now listen to the result.
Which speed is more effective?
What conveys your message and gives your audience time to hear and understand it?
Too much speed, or too little, will alienate listeners. The truth is that you need a flexible speaking rate, fitting the content (what you're saying) and the needs of the audience. Some parts of your speech will be slower and others will be faster.
Click the link for more public speaking exercises to help you achieve a flexible speaking rate.
Do check this page too! Give yourself the power of the pause.
Understanding the power of silence and how to use to it effectively will also help you bring a fast speech rate down as well as helping you to emphasize your main points clearly.
If you are a mumble merchant you'll have people constantly asking you to repeat yourself because they don't understand what you're saying. Blurring your words or running them together blocks communication.
To stop it you need to enunciate or articulate clearly. That means using the tip of the tongue, the teeth and the lips to shape the sounds of a word cleanly. This public speaking exercise, old fashioned tongue twisters, is designed to do just that.
Start slowly and carefully making sure each word is pronounced crisply and then practice going faster and faster.
Here's a couple to begin with.
Red leather, yellow leather...
Red lorry, yellow lorry...
You know New York,
You need New York,
You know you need unique New York.
You'll find a whole lot more on this page of diction exercises.
Each focuses on different sound or letter combinations. Choose the ones you know you need to practice and have fun!
What you actually say in your speech is only part of your total communication package. What makes up the rest of it is what you say non-verbally with your body.
To be a more effective speaker the non-verbal communication (what you do with your body while you are speaking) needs to actively complement your speech. In other words, they need to work together harmoniously!
To look confident as well as sounding confident, practice standing tall, on both feet, in an 'at ease' position. Let your shoulders relax and breathe fully.
You can practice standing tall anywhere - in a supermarket queue, at home or at work. Feel the difference it makes. Become aware of how empowering it is to have your head held high, to have your shoulders relaxed, to be standing on both feet.
Once you know how good and strong that feels as soon as you catch yourself slumping or hunching your shoulders, you can easily reverse it. This is one of those public speaking exercises which will deliver benefits to all aspects of your life.
Click the link to find out more about body language and how to use or interpret it.
A competent speaker plans ahead. They will have thought through as many possible angles of their presentation as they can. In doing so they will have identified the areas that could go wrong and will have taken steps to correct them BEFORE they happen in reality.
So what could go side-ways in your presentation?
Are the props you are planning to use suitable?
Are you giving a power point presentation?
Have you checked all the gear in the room you're going to use it in?
Do you know the name of the person who is going to introduce you and where you going to meet them before your talk?
Go through your entire speech presentation looking at it from a 'what could go wrong' angle. For each possibility you discover, make a plan to meet it.
Thorough planning and preparation reduces the possibility of everything turning to chaos. Deciding to 'wing it' increases it.
Don't wait until you need to give a speech to begin practicing any of these public speaking exercises. They'll deliver benefits in all areas of your life - more confidence, more conscious control over how you present yourself.
Yes, public speaking exercises are good for you!