2. How to write a speech
  3. How to end a speech effectively

How to end a speech memorably

3 ways to close a speech effectively

By: Susan Dugdale | Last modified: 04-13-2021

Knowing how, and when, to end a speech is just as important as knowing how to begin. Truly.

What's on this page:

  • why closing well is important
  • 3 effective speech conclusions with examples
  • what happens when you fail to plan end a speech memorably - a list of 7 common ways people end their speeches badly
  • links to research showing the benefits of finishing a speech strongly

Image: Stop talking. It's the end. Finish. Time's up.

Why closing well is important

Research* tells us that people most commonly remember the first and last things they hear when listening to a speech, seminar or lecture.

If you want your speech to create a lasting impression sliding out with ...

"Well, that's all I've got say. My time's up anyway.  Yeah - so thanks for listening, I guess."

... isn't going to do it.

So what will?

*See the foot of the page for links to studies and articles on what and how people remember: primacy and recency.

Three effective speech conclusions

Here are three effective ways to end a speech. Each ensures your speech finishes strongly rather than limping sadly off to sure oblivion.

You'll need a summary of your most important points followed by the ending of your choice:

  1. a powerful quotation
  2. a challenge
  3. a call back

To work out which of these to use, ask yourself what you want people to do or feel as a result of listening to your speech. For instance;

  • Do you want to motivate them to work harder?
  • Do you want them to join the cause you are promoting?
  • Do you want them to remember a person and their unique qualities?

What you choose to do with your ending should support the overall purpose of your speech.

Let's look at three different scenarios showing each of these ways to end a speech in action.

1. How to end a speech with a powerful quotation

Image: Martin Luther King Jr. Text:The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.

Your speech purpose is to inspire people to join your cause. Specifically you want their signatures on a petition lobbying for change and you have everything ready to enable them to sign as soon as you have stopped talking.

You've summarized the main points and want to finish with a statement to propel the audience into action.

Borrowing words from a revered and respected leader aligns your cause with those they fought for, powerfully blending the past with the present.

For example:

"Martin Luther King, Jr said 'The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.'

Now is the time to decide. Now is the time to act. 

Here's the petition. Here's the pen. And here's the space for your signature.

Now, where do you stand?"

2. How to end a speech with a challenge

Image: New Zealand Railway poster - 'Great Place this Hermitage', Mt Cook c.1931. ((10468981965) Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Your speech purpose is to motivate your sales force.

You've covered the main points in the body of it including introducing an incentive - a holiday as a reward for the best sales figures over the next three weeks.

You've summarized the main points and have reached the closing sentences. The end is a challenge.

"You have three weeks from the time you leave this hall to make that dream family holiday in New Zealand yours.

Can you do it?

Will you do it?

The kids will love it.

Your wife, or your husband, or your partner, will love it.

Do it now!"

3. How to end a speech with a call back

Image: Spring time oak tree leaves against a blue sky. Text: Every blue sky summer's day I'll see Amy in my mind. How end a speech with a call back.

Your speech purpose is to honor the memory of a dear friend who passed 

You've briefly revisited the principal points of your speech and wish to 
leave the audience with a happy compelling image to dwell on.

Earlier in the speech you told a poignant story. It's that you return to, or call back.

Here's an example of what you could say:

"Remember that picnic tale?

Every blue sky summer's day I'll see Amy in my mind.

Her red picnic rug will be spread on green grass under the shade of an old oak tree. There'll be food, friends and laughter.

I'll see her smile, her pleasure at sharing the simple things and I know what she'd say too. I can hear her.

"Come on, try a piece of pie. My passing is not the end of the world you know."

When you don't plan how to end a speech ...

That old cliché "failing to plan is planning to fail" can bite and its teeth are sharp.

The "Wing It" Department delivers lessons learned the hard way. I know, and remember the pain!

How many of these traps have caught you?

  1. having no conclusion and whimpering out on a shrug of the shoulders followed by a weak "Yeah, well, that's all, I guess." type of line.

  2. not practicing while timing yourself and running out of it long before getting to your prepared conclusion.

  3. ending with an apology undermining your credibility. For example: "Sorry for going on so long. I know it can be a bit boring listening to someone like me."

  4. adding new material just as you finish which confuses your audience. The introduction of information belongs in the body of your speech.

  5. making the ending too long in comparison to the rest of your speech.

  6. using a different style or tone that doesn't fit with what went before it which  puzzles listeners.

  7. ending abruptly without preparing the audience for the conclusion. You need a transition or bridge to have them follow you comfortably.

I've found one of the most galling parts of ending a speech weakly is knowing it's avoidable. Ninety percent of the time it didn't have to happen.

(It's such a sod when there's no one to blame but yourself! ☺)

More speech writing help

Image: creativity in progress sign. Text: How to write a speech

You do not need to flail around not knowing what to do, or where to start.

Visit this page to find out about structuring a speech

You'll find information on writing the body, opening and conclusion as well as those all important transitions. There's also links to pages to help you with preparing a speech outline, cue cards, rehearsal, and more. 

Research on what and how people remember: primacy and recency 

McLeod, S. A. (2008). Serial position effect. (Primacy and recency, first and last)  Simply Psychology.

Hopper, Elizabeth. "What Is the Recency Effect in Psychology?" ThoughtCo, Feb. 29, 2020.

ScienceDirect: Recency Effect - an overview of articles from academic Journals & Books covering the topic.